October 16, 1952
Yes, we did hold the Congress of our party. It went very well, and many of you might now think that, amongst us there exists full harmony and unity. But we have not this harmony and unity of thought. Some of you are even opposed to and do not like our decision.
They say, why do we need an enlarged Central Committee. But isn’t it self-evident that we need to get new blood and new strength into the CC of the CPSU? We are getting older and shall sooner or later die, but we must think into whose hands we shall give this torch of our great undertaking, who will carry it onward and reach the goal of communism? For this we need younger people with more energy, dedicated comrades and political leaders. And what does it mean to bring up a dedicated, devoted political leader of the State? It needs ten, no fifteen years so that we would be able to bring up a state leader, able to carry on this torch.
But just to wish for this to happen is not enough. To bring up such new cadres needs time and involvement in the day-to-day governing of the state, learning in practical matters which encompass the whole gamut of the state apparatus, plans and ideological concepts to carry on to a higher plateau the building of a Socialist society, and that comrades must be able to recognize and struggle against all sorts of opportunist tendencies. He must be a Leninist worker, taught by our party its history, tactics, plans and future of the Soviet Union as envisaged by Lenin.
Is it not self evident that we must lift up the importance and the role of our party and its party committees? Can we afford not to follow the desire of Lenin to improve the work of the party constantly? All this needs a flow of younger blood into the leadership, especially in the CC of the CPSU. And this we followed as Lenin always suggested. In this way even the membership of our party has grown.
The question is asked as to why we relieved some well-known comrades from their posts in the party and state apparatus? What can be said about this? We replaced comrades Molotov, Kaganovich, Voroshilov and others and they were elected to new, less demanding posts. The work of a Minister is extremely hard work, demanding strength, stamina and new thinking to new problems. Why did we put in their place younger and more qualified, energetic comrades? They are younger comrades, have more energy plus strength. We are old Bolsheviks and shall not be here forever. We must support and help them.
The replaced comrades, the old Bolsheviks are in very important new positions, where their expertise, dedication and respect is beyond question. They are all now our Deputy Chairpersons of the Council of Ministers of the USSR. Thus, even I do not know how many Deputy Ministers we have.
We must, as Communists be self-critical and also critical of others.
There has been criticism of comrades Molotov and Mikoyan by the Central Committee.
Comrade Molotov – the most dedicated to our cause. He shall give his life for the cause of the party. But we cannot overlook his weakness in certain aspects of his work. Comrade Molotov is our Minister of Foreign Affairs, finding himself at a ‘slippery’ diplomatic reception, he gave an assurance to a British diplomat that the capitalists can start to publish bourgeois newspapers in our country. Why? Was that the place to give such an assurance, without the knowledge of the CC CPSU? Is it not self-evident that the bourgeoisie is our class enemy and that to promote bourgeois newspapers amongst our party people besides doing harm, shall not bring us any benefit. If this was allowed to transpire, we can foresee circumstances where the attacks against Socialism and the CPSU would be started, first very subtly then overtly. This is the first political mistake of comrade V.M. Molotov.
What about the incorrect suggestion by Molotov to give the Crimea to the Soviet Jews? This is a flagrant mistake of comrade Molotov. Why was this even proposed? On what grounds did comrade Molotov make this proposal? We have a Jewish Autonomous Republic. What else is yet needed? There are many other minority nations that have now their own Autonomous Regions and also Autonomous Republics... is this not enough now? Or is this meant not to trust the Constitution of the USSR and its policy on nationalities? Comrade Molotov is not appointed by anyone to be a lawyer for pursuing territorial pretensions on the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics! This is the second mistake of our esteemed comrade V.I. Molotov! Thus, in this respect comrade Molotov is not correct in his proclamations as a member of the Politburo. The CC of the CPSU has categorically defeated his suggestion.
Comrade Molotov has such deep respect for his wife, that no sooner have the CC or the Politburo made very many decisions on this or that question, that this decision immediately is conveyed to Molotov’s wife Zhemtchuzhina and all of her friends. Her friends, as is well known to all of you here, are not to be trusted, as former situations have shown. It is of course not the way that a member of the CPSU-CC-Politburo should behave.
Now regarding comrade Mikoyan. He is categorically against and thus he agitates against any taxes for the Soviet peasants. What is it that is not clear to our esteemed comrade A.I. Mikoyan?
Farmer Deputy – We have good relations with the collective farmers. Our Collective Farmers are forever dedicated to collectivization. Our crops are abundant and all our Collective Farmers should give taxes to the state as the workers do. Therefore we do not agree with the suggestion – put forward by comrade Mikoyan.
Mikoyan – coming to the speaker’s tribune started to defend his collective farm policies.
Stalin – Well comrade Mikoyan, you are lost in your own policies and you are now trying to get the members of the CC to be lost with you. Are you still unclear?
Molotov – Coming to the speaker’s tribune completely admits his mistakes before the CC, but he stated that he is and will always be a faithful disciple of Stalin.
Stalin – (interrupting Molotov) This is nonsense. I have no students at all. We are all students of the great Lenin.
Stalin suggested that they continue the agenda point by point and elect comrades into different committees of state.
With no Politburo, there is now elected a Presidium of the CC of the CPSU in the enlarged CC and in the Secretariat of the CC of the CPSU – altogether 36 members.
In the new list of those elected are all members of the old Politburo – except that of comrade A.A. Andreev, who, as everyone knows now is unfortunately completely deaf and thus cannot function.
Voice From the Floor – We need to elect comrade Stalin as the General Secretary of the CC of the CPSU and Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR.
Stalin – No! I am asking that you relieve me of the two posts!
Malenkov – Coming to the tribune: Comrades! We should all unanimously ask comrade Stalin, our leader and our teacher, to be again the General Secretary of the CC of the CPSU.
This document was published for the first time in the newspaper ‘Glasnost’, the central organ of the Union of Communist Parties – CPSU. It was translated from Russian and published in ‘Northstar Compass’ in its issue of April 2000, pp. 22-24.
Click here to return to the April 2002 index.