Concerning the Situation in Japan

(January 8, 1950)

J. V. Stalin

The CPSU (b) after the Second World War was requested by a number of communist parties, including the CP of India, to help clarify programmatic questions in their countries. This Cominform article by Stalin1 played an important part in guiding the Communist Party of Japan much in the same way as the Cominform article of January 27th later in the month had in criticising the ‘Trotskyist-Titoist’ line of socialist revolution supported by the Ranadive leadership of the CPI2. The article of Stalin focussed on the situation in Japan where the US had occupied the country. Equally important was the criticism of the views of Stalin on the political line of Nosaka who had suggested that the American occupation troops were playing a progressive role in Japan which would facilitate the ‘peaceful advance to socialism’ in the country. The views of Stalin in the matter are of importance as they show forcefully the critical views of the Soviet leader on the possibilities of the peacible, national, parliamentary path to socialism. Representatives of the CPSU (b) – Stalin, Molotov, Malenkov and Grigorian – met the leadership of the Communist Party of Japan – the General Secretary K. Tokuda, S. Nosaka, R. Nishizawa and S. Hakamada – in the Spring and Summer of 1951 in three meetings and discussed further the programmatic perspectives of the party. (In the third meeting the ambassador of People’s China, Wang Jiaxiang, and his translator were also present.) An account of these exchanges has been given by the interpreter at this meeting, N. B. Adyrkhayev.3 A memoir also exists by Satomi Hakamada, who was in a minority in these discussions.4 During the course of the first meeting Stalin noted that the situation in the Japanese communist party was much the same as the CPI which had gone to pieces. The draft of the new party programme was prepared in Moscow by the Japanese leaders. The New Programme was published in the journal ‘Bolshevik’ in November,1951.5


Endnotes:

1. The authorship of Stalin of this article on the situation of Japan is confirmed by the former Cominform worker Alexey Vladimirovich Romanov in his article: “Nashumevshiye stranitsy Kholodnoy voyny” / “Kholodnaya voyna: Sem’ let na peredovoy (zapiski zhurnalista- mezhdunarodnika)”. http://alumni.mgimo.ru/page/adaptive/id43711/blog/264634/?ssoRedirect=true&ssoRedirect=true

2. ‘Mighty Advance of the National Liberation Struggle in the Colonial and Dependent Countries', For a Lasting Peace, For a People’s Democracy, 27th January 1950.

3. Adyrkhayev, N. ‘Vstrecha Stalina s Yaponskimi Kommunistami, in Problemy dal’nego vostoka No. 2, 1990, pp.140-44.

4. Excerpts from a chapter, ‘‘The fateful meeting at Kuntsevo,” in Satomi Hakamada’s Watahino sengoshi, (My Postwar History), Asahi, Tokyo, 1978, 93-102. (Translation in seven pages from the Japanese by David Wolff).

5. ‘Blizhayeshie trebovania Kommunistticheskoye Partii Yaponii’, Novaia Programma’, Bol’shevik No. 22, Noyabr’, 1951, pp.57-63. The English edition of this is available in the section on People’s Democracy in Japan in the Archival Materials section of the website of the journal Revolutionary Democracy: www.revolutionarydemocracy.org

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